NAMES FOR MATCHLOCKS
There are many names for Japanese matchlocks. Some people call them tanegashima (after the island in Southern Japan where 'western' style firearms arrived).
They are also known as hinawaju - which literally means "fire rope gun".
Teppo is also a common phrase. This means 'iron gun'.
TYPES OF MATCHLOCK
There were many different types of matchlcok gun - ranging in size from a modern day pistol, to portable cannon:
They can still be divided into several categories:
Tanzutsu - Pistol
Chuzutsu - Medium (caliber) gun
Samuraizutsu - You might hear some custom made guns, with large calibre referred to as samuraizutsu
Bajouzutsu - Carbine/cavalry gun
Zamazutsu - Loop hole/Wall gun
Banzutsu - Standard ashigaru gun (banzutsu means 'numbered gun' - as the issue and return of firearms was regulated by number)
Ozutsu - Large gun/portable cannon
PARTS OF THE MATCHLOCK
Bisen - Breach plug
Dai - Stock
Daikabu - Butt
Hajjiki - Spring
Hibasami - Trigger arm/Serpentine
Hibuta - Pan Cover
Hikigane - Trigger
Hizara - Pan tray (flash pan)
Juko - Muzzle (suguchi)
Meate - Sight
Yuojintetsu - Trigger guard
OTHER USEFUL WORDS
Dogu - Tools
Doran - Belt box
Hinawa - Matchcord
Hiuchi dogu - Fire lighting tool
Karuka – Ramrod
Kayaku ire - Powder flask
Koyaku ire - Fine powder flask
Tama ire - Bullet bag
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