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NAMES FOR MATCHLOCKS

There are many names for Japanese matchlocks.  Some people call them tanegashima (after the island in Southern Japan where 'western' style firearms arrived).

They are also known as hinawaju - which literally means "fire rope gun".

Teppo is also a common phrase.  This means 'iron gun'.

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TYPES OF MATCHLOCK

There were many different types of matchlcok gun - ranging in size from a modern day pistol, to portable cannon:

They can still be divided into several categories:

Tanzutsu - Pistol

Chuzutsu - Medium (caliber) gun

Samuraizutsu - You might hear some custom made guns, with large calibre referred to as samuraizutsu

Bajouzutsu - Carbine/cavalry gun

Zamazutsu - Loop hole/Wall gun

Banzutsu - Standard ashigaru gun (banzutsu means 'numbered gun' - as the issue and return of firearms was regulated by number)

Ozutsu - Large gun/portable cannon

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PARTS OF THE MATCHLOCK

Bisen - Breach plug

Dai - Stock

Daikabu - Butt

Hajjiki - Spring

Hibasami - Trigger arm/Serpentine

Hibuta - Pan Cover

Hikigane - Trigger

Hizara - Pan tray (flash pan)

Juko - Muzzle (suguchi)

Meate - Sight

Yuojintetsu - Trigger guard

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OTHER USEFUL WORDS

Dogu - Tools

Doran - Belt box

Hinawa - Matchcord

Hiuchi dogu - Fire lighting tool

Karuka – Ramrod

Kayaku ire - Powder flask

Koyaku ire - Fine powder flask

Tama ire - Bullet bag

 

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Unfortunately we are unable to take on any new gunners at present.  Check back in the future of follow or posts on social media to find out when we are recruiting next.

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